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 Kitāb al-jihād

(1,040 words)

Author(s): Christie, Niall
Jihad ʿAlī ibn Ṭāhir al-Sulamī Date: 1105 Original Language: Arabic Description Al-Sulamī’s Kitāb al-jihād survives only in a single, partial manuscript that is itself split over two codices. The original manuscript runs to a total of 165 pages. The entire work is written in one hand (with the exception of some later annotations) and appears to have been taken down by the scribe as the author was composing it aloud in public. As noted above, al-Sulamī’s work was composed with the express purpose of summoning his fellow Muslims to the jihād against the crusaders. It forms part of an o…

ʿAlī ibn Ṭāhir al-Sulamī

(476 words)

Author(s): Christie, Niall
Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Ṭāhir ibn Jaʿfar ibn ʿAbdallāh al-Qaysī al-Sulamī al-Naḥwī Date of Birth: 1039 or 1040 Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 19 November 1106 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Al-Sulamī is an obscure figure, and what little we know about him comes from only four short entries in biographical dictionaries. He was a teacher of grammar in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, where he had a ḥalqa (circle of students), upon whom he endowed his collection of books. However, al-Sulamī was not merely a teacher of grammar; he also took an interest in …

Ibn al-Qalānisī

(716 words)

Author(s): Christie, Niall
Abū Yaʿlā Ḥamza b. Asad al-Tamīmī, better known by his family name of Ibn al-Qalānisī (c. 465–555/1073–1160), was a Damascene official and littérateur. He is well known to modern historians for his chronicle Dhayl taʾrīkh Dimashq (“Continuation of the history of Damascus”), which constitutes one of the few sources available for the Muslim response to the Crusades of the late fifth/eleventh and early sixth/twelfth centuries. Yet despite this, actual knowledge about his life is sparse. Most of our information comes from the great biographical dictionary Taʾrīkh madīnat Dimashq (“His…
Date: 2019-05-08

Crusade Literature: 9th to 15th Century

(4,724 words)

Author(s): Christie, Niall
This article examines both contemporary sources and (in particular) modern works on the Crusades to the Middle East, highlighting both the material available for study and the current state of scholarship of women and Islamic cultures during the period. It should be noted that this article is concerned only with the Crusades to the Levant, and does not deal with the literature for the Reconquista in Spain or crusades elsewhere. It is divided into two sections, the first devoted to Muslim women, and the second to non-Muslim women. Muslim women Current scholarship on Muslim women durin…