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Relative Clause Comprehension, Neurolinguistic Studies

(4,285 words)

Author(s): Chin-Lung YANG
1. Introduction Studies of relative clause (RC) processing in Chinese are motivated by the fact that Chinese sentences containing a RC have a “mixed-headed” structure. While in Chinese the verb phrase (VP) is head-initial as in English and many other languages, the structure of the nominal phrase is rigorously head-final, unlike English but consistent with head-final languages like Japanese, Korean and Hindi (Yamashita et al. 2011). In Chinese, nominal modifiers and the marker de 的 both precede the head noun in adjectives (e.g., měilì de huāduǒ 美麗的花朵 ‘a beautiful flower’), geni…
Date: 2017-03-02

Semantic Processing: Anaphora and Quantifier Scope

(5,028 words)

Author(s): Yu Xia WANG | Chin-Lung YANG
Both anaphors and quantifiers are ubiquitous in natural language and include variant expressions to serve various functions in sentences and discourse. Anaphors include the third person pronouns like tā 他/她 ‘he/she’ (hereafter pronoun), reflexives like zìjǐ 自己 ‘self’ and tā/tāzìjǐ 他/她自己 ‘him/herself’ (hereafter reflexive), and proper names like Lǐ Sì/Zhāng Sān 李四/張三, while quantifiers include měige 每個 ‘every’ and  yīxiē 一些 ‘some’, and quantificational adverbs like dōu 都 ‘all, each’. These expressions serve an important discourse function in promoting a co…
Date: 2017-03-02