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De origine Taboritarum et de morte Wenceslai IV regis Bohemiae

(177 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
15th century. Bohemia. An anonymous eyewitness report in Latin, composed between 9 March 1422 and 25 June 1424, probably by a clergyman, perhaps a monk, of Czech nationality. It contains a detailed description of the events of the first eight weeks of the Hussite revolution, from the outbreak of the rebellions in the New Town of Prague on 30 July 1419 to the burial of Václav IV in the Zbraslav abbey. In four manuscript pages, the author expressed his aversion to the Hussites, and even more to the courtiers of Václav. Sole manuscript: Basel, Öffentliche Bibliothek der Universität, A II 34).Bláh…
Date: 2016-10-17

Family chronicles of the Czech Lands

(486 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
15th and 16th centuries. Bohemia. Family records of the lower nobility in Latin, Czech and German.The first family chronicle in the Czech Lands appeared in 1404, when an unknown intellectual in Middle Bohemia began to record the events of his family's life - births, deaths and marriages - together with some short historical records about the events in his region, in Latin on a blank sheet of the manuscript of the letters by Peter of Blois and other texts. Other members of this Catholic family, which moved to V…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon Bohemiae Lipsiense

(134 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[Kronika česká Lipská (Leipzig Chronicle of Bohemia)] 1411. Bohemia. A Latin annalistic compilation running from the collapse of the Prague bridge in 1342 (wrongly dated as 1344) to 1408 with a continuation for 1409-11, named from the location of the manuscript (Leipzig, UB, ms. 176, fol. 67-69). Based on the Chronica Bohemorum [anonymi], it was written continuously, immediately following the events . The anonymous author, probably a master or at least graduate of the University of Prague, concentrated on affairs of the church and in the Empire, …
Date: 2016-10-17

Paulus de Praga

(294 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
1413-71. Bohemia. Paulus de Praga was a Jewish scholar and encyclopaedist. He was the author of a number of texts including a didactic tract with a historical section. He was born in Prague, brought up in a Hussite family, and later converted to Catholicism. He studied in Prague, Vienna, Padua, and Bologna, where he received his doctorate in medicine. He lectured at universities in Prague and Kraków, from 1466 he was active at the court of the Czech king Georges of Poděbrady. There he…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon universitatis Pragensis

(210 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
(Chronicle of the University of Prague) 15th century. Bohemia. Composed between the 1430s and the beginning of the 16th-century. An anonymous heterogeneous compilation in Latin prose, assembled from two annalistic collections and filling 55 manuscript folios. The first collection was composed by a Czech university master using three main sources: local annals of the years 1348-1403 written by an unknown author close to king Václav IV, a lost chronicle of Prague University from 1348-1412; and a description of the …
Date: 2016-10-17

Dalimil

(941 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[Staročeská kronika tak řečeného Dalimila (The Old Czech Chronicle of the so-called Dalimil)] ca 1310/14. Bohemia. Czech national chronicle, probably from Prague, the first vernacular chronicle in the Czech Lands, written in Old Czech verse by an unknown, cultivated, patriotically-minded writer, close to the Czech nobility. During the 16th and 17th-century the chronicle was erroneously attributed to the fictitious canon of Stará Boleslav, Dalimil of Mezeříčí. Scholarly attempts to discover the real author have been unsuccessful.In nearly 4500 lines arranged in 103 chap…
Date: 2016-10-17

Hilarius of Litoměřice

(212 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
1412/13-68. Bohemia. Theologian. Author of Hystoria civitatis Plznensis. Hilarius was born in Litoměřice to an Utraquist family. He achieved his bachelor in 1442, and his master of arts at the University of Prague in 1451. After spending time in Italy (1451-4), he converted to Catholicism and was ordained a priest. In 1462 he became administrator of the archbishopric of Prague. He died in České Budějovice.On 10 May 1467 he gave a speech in remembrance of the liberation of the town of Plzeň from the Hussite siege, conceived as a eulogy and history of the town…
Date: 2016-10-17

Passio Pragensium

(263 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
1483. Bohemia. An anonymous prose narrative in Latin and German versions, dealing with the rebellion in Prague in September that year. The text was written at the end of October in one of the Northern Bohemian towns, based on the accounts of direct participants who had fled from Prague before the rebellion, probably monks and Catholic clergy. It was long known only as a German text, but the recently discovered Latin version appears to be original. The translation enjoyed a wide distri…
Date: 2016-10-17

Kronika velmi pěkná o Janu Žižkovi, družiníku krále Václava IV.

(223 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
(A very nice chronicle about Jan Žižka, retainer of King Wenceslas IV) 15th century. Bohemia. Anonymous brief history of Hussitism, stressing the military successes of the Hussite leader Jan Žižka of Trocnov. Written in Old Czech prose and filling 10 manuscript folios, the chronicle was composed between the second half of the 1430s and the end of the 15th-century. Besides the oral tradition, the author used the chronicle of Laurentius of Březová and annalistic records. The chronicle is not outstanding in its conception or literary treatment, nor is it …
Date: 2016-10-17

Ansbert

(325 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
12th/13th century. Austria? Author of the contemporary official Latin chronicle of Frederick Barbarossa's expedition for the 3rd crusade (1188-95): Historia de expeditione Friderici imperatoris. An unknown clergyman, he was probably an Austrian participant in the expedition moving in circles close to the emperor, most likely in his chancellery. In the later 13th-century manuscript tradition he is named Ansbertus. He recorded the events of the crusade continuously and probably sent three successive separate parts thereof as official reports to Em…
Date: 2016-10-17

Excerpta de diversis chronicis

(349 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
(Zbraslav Annals; Diversarum chronicarum quaedam summaria) 14th century. Bohemia. A short Latin annalistic compilation spanning the years 80 until 1314 (in some manuscripts until 1330), written after 1326; the older dating to the time of the foundation of the Zbraslav monastery (1292) is not acceptable.The text includes notices on church history, the death dates of the Saints and church writers, dates of the foundation of ecclesiastical orders, records of Austrian and Czech history and rulers, and the commemorative records of the founder…
Date: 2016-10-17

Cronica Boemorum auctore canonico S. Blasii Brunsvicensi

(158 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
13th century. Germany. Latin prose historical compilation of Czech history from the beginning till 1278, with a somewhat chaotic list of the Czech rulers, filling 18 manuscript folios. It was written by a canon of the church of St. Blasius in Braunschweig, on the basis of Cosmas of Prague, Continuatio Cosmae I and Continuatio Cosmae II. Like Cosmas' chronicle, it is divided into four books, the events taken over from the two continuations being placed into the fourth book. The chronicle survives in a unique copy, Trier, Stadtbibliothek, nr. 1199.Bláhová, MarieBibliography Text: O. Holde…
Date: 2016-10-17

Continuatio Cosmae I

(510 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
12th century. Bohemia. Anonymous Latin annalistic continuation of Cosmas of Prague's Chronica Boemorum for 1126-41, with an addition to 1142, probably by a canon of the collegiate chapter of Vyšehrad [Canonicus Wissegradensis], though some historians considered him a canon of Prague. This author, a follower of duke Soběslav I (1125-40), continued directly where Cosmas' text breaks off, describing events of Soběslav's reign as they occurred. About 1130 he interrupted his work, resuming it 11 years later, in …
Date: 2016-10-17

German Verse Annals of Bohemia

(353 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
(Abriss) 14th century. Bohemia. German (East Central German dialect). Anonymous annalistic verse compilation, some 558 lines in length, written probably in the years 1342-46. It consists of three parts: I. Catalogue of the Bohemian princes (in two chapters, the Pagan and the Christian rulers; only the names without details); II. Catalogue of the Bohemian kings and queens (included also some of their major deeds, mainly the foundations of monasteries). III. The annals mentioning mainly the events …
Date: 2016-10-17

Charles IV

(456 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[of Luxembourg] 1316-78. Holy Roman Emperor. Born and died in Prague. Charles became king of the Empire on 11 July 1346, king of Bohemia on 26 August 1346, and emperor of the Roman German Empire on 5 April 1355. He promulgated the Golden Bull of 1356, which regulated imperial succession. An important patron of intellectual life, he himself wrote legal and moral-religious works and an autobiography (14 chapters between 1346 and 1355).Under his influence, the official court historiography originated in Bohemia. It began with his own autobiography from his birth up to 1344. This Vita Karoli
Date: 2016-10-17

Beneš Krabice of Weitmil

(370 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[Benessius] 14th-century. Bohemia. Author of Cronica ecclesiae Pragensis (Chronicle of the Prague church). Beneš was born in a widely branched family of lower noblemen with a close connection to the Luxembourg dynasty. He became canon in Litoměřice at the end of the 1340s, rector of the St. Jacob school in Brno and canon of St. Egidius in Prague in 1350, director of the construction of St. Vitus cathedral in Prague in 1355 and canon in Prague in 1356. He died in Prague on 27 July 1375, and was buried in Prague cathedral.The Cronica ecclesiae Pragensis, covering 1283-1374, was probably st…
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronik der Stadt Elbogen

(140 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
(Chronicle of the town of Loket) second half of the 15th century. Bohemia. This German prose town chronicle by an anonymous burgher of Loket (German: Elbogen), depicts recent events in the town in the period from April 1471 to January 1504 focussing mainly on the argument of the town with the suzerains, the powerful house of Šlik. The author, eyewitness to the events, used the texts of official documents, which he commented. The events of 1489-1504 are described in particular detail. The chronicle is one …
Date: 2016-10-17

Prokop of Prague

(356 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
ca 1400-83. Bohemia. Bachelor of Arts, wealthy citizen of Prague, chancellor of New Town of Prague. In 1452 he lectured at university. He started writing several historical works in Czech and Latin, but all of them are unfinished. His Nová kronika (New Chronicle) was probably planned as the history of Bohemia from its beginnings up to his times. Only two fragments written in Old Czech verse exist (2 pages; sole manuscript, Brno, Moravský zemský archiv, Mk 20). Zlomky rýmované kroniky české 1419-1420 (fragments of the rhymed Czech Chronicle) was written in Old Czech verse in …
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronicon Treboniense

(174 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[Chronica Bohemorum abbreviata] 15th century. Bohemia. Composed around 1432 or a little later. This Latin annalistic work, named after the archives at Třeboň where it is housed, was written by an unknown burgher of the Old Town of Prague, a moderate hussite, probably a layman. It elaborately describes the events of the years 1419-32. A special focus lies on the battle near Domažlice (14 August 1431). The chronicle survived as a part of a larger annalistic compilation in the manuscript at Třeboň, Státní oblastní archiv, ms. A 7,  where it continues the Chronica Bohemorum [anonymi]. The wo…
Date: 2016-10-17

Jarloch of Milevsko

(398 words)

Author(s): Bláhová, Marie
[Gerlach von Mühlhausen] ca 1165-1221/34. Germany, then Bohemia. Born probably in the neighbourhood of Würzburg, he was educated in Oberzell near Würzburg (1174-7). About 1177 Gerlach was taken by Gottschalk, abbot of Želiv, to Bohemia, where he naturalised, so that he used also the Czech form of his name, Jarloch. In 1185 he became abbot of the Premonstratensian monastery in Milevsko (southern Bohemia).Between 1214 and 1222 he continued the unfinished Latin Annals of Vincent of Prague in the form of larger annals for the years 1167-98. Even this continuat…
Date: 2016-10-17
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