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Marriage Prohibitions and Exogamy, Marriage Prohibitions and Endogamy

(996 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
The second instrument of relationship regulation that was significant for Latin European history were the marriage prohibitions that suddenly appeared in the 6th and 7th centuries and then were very q…
Date: 2016-08-09

Bastards and Genitors

(432 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
The question of the genitor could not play any part for lack of verifiability. The important thing seems to have been the legal status of birth in a legitimate marriage. As a genitor it was clear whom…
Date: 2016-08-09

Divorce, Concubinage, Polygyny

(488 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
There is a scholarly consensus that by the 9th century all grounds for divorce other than contravention of marriage prohibitions had been dispensed with in Latin Europe. The prohibition of divorce in …
Date: 2016-10-17

Adoption

(557 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
Most publications on adoption in the history of Latin Europe have largely acknowledged J. Goody's theses, thereby upending older research, which typically proceeded from a legal-historical point of vi…
Date: 2016-08-09

Childless Decedents

(370 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
For research into family relations that is strongly oriented around inheritance and property settlement (like that of J. Goody), childless testators have a special quality as test cases. There are ver…
Date: 2016-10-17

Norms

(1,272 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
Subject Norms (from Lat. norma, "guideline," "rule," "measure," "regulation") are the central stabilization authorities for social order; they transform the relatively unspecific values of a society into …
Date: 2016-08-09

Widowhood and Remarriage

(278 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
Although remarriage was the norm in medieval life, the Church never integrated the remarried into their estate-based models of society. In the worldview of pastors and canonists, remarried people coul…
Date: 2016-08-09

Kinship Systems

(2,282 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
The medieval family relationship system was a tripartite system: descent (in the paternal and maternal line), marriage alliances (affinity), and spiritual relationships (especially god-parenthood). Si…
Date: 2016-10-17

Family

(1,312 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
As a subject of cultural research, kinship is (1) a conceptual classification system for defining social relationships, which draws its terminology from the semantic field of biological reproduction, …
Date: 2016-10-17