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Kunkel, Wolfgang

(493 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German jurist and legal historian. Born Fürth im Odenwald, 20. 11. 1902, died Munich 8. 5. 1981. 1920–1922 studied law and classical studies at Frankfurt and Giessen. First legal Staatsexamen 1923; 1924 studied ancient history and papyrology at Berlin. 1924 doctorate in Freiburg with Ernst Levy; 1926 habil. there and prof. of Roman law; 1929–1936 prof. at Göttingen; 1943–1945 court-martial justice; 1946 prof., 1947/48 rector of Univ. of Heidelberg; 1956–1970 prof. at Munich. 1950–1952 president of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. Work and influence K.’s training was legal an…

Altheim, Franz

(582 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German classical philologist and ancient historian. Born 6. 10. 1898 in Frankfurt a. M., died 17. 10. 1976 in Münster. 1916 and 1919–1921 studied classical philology, philosophy, archaeology & Indo-Germanic studies at Frankfurt; doctorate there 1921, habil. there 1928. Prof. at Frankfurt 1935; 1938 prof. ext., 1942 prof. ord. of classical philology at Halle a. d. Saale; 1948 prof. of ancient history at Halle, 1949–1964 prof. of ancient history at Freie Univ. Berlin. Member of the George Circle and the SA ( Sturmabteilung) 1934–1936. Work and influence A. was one of the most produc…

Weber, Wilhelm

(451 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born Heidelberg 28. 12. 1882, died Berlin 21. 11. 1948. Studied classical and German philology, history, archaeology and art history at Heidelberg. Doctorate 1906 with Alfred von Domaszewski; habil. 1911, also Heidelberg. 1911 prof. ord. in history at Rijksuniversiteit Groningen; professorships at Frankfurt 1916, Tübingen 1918 and Halle 1925. Refused appointments to Göttingen in 1920 and to Bonn in 1928. 1932–1945 prof. ord. at Univ. of Berlin. Work and influence W.’s speciality was the history of the Roman Imperial Period, in particular fro…

Bickermann, Elias Joseph

(489 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Russian-American ancient historian. Forms of name: Bikerman in St. Petersburg/Petrograd and Paris, Bickermann in Berlin, Bickerman in US [11. 172]. Born 1. 6. 1897 in Kishinev (now Chişinău, Moldova), died 31. 8. 1981 in Jerusalem. 1915 studied at Petrograd with Michael Rostovtzeff; from 1922 at Berlin with Ulrich Wilcken, 1926 doctorate, 1930 habil., both Berlin. 1933–1942 in France; 1942 emigration to New York. Fellowship there at the Jewish Theological Seminary; 1952–1967 taught at Columbia Univ. From 1967 Research Fellow at Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. Work and in…

Gelzer, Matthias

(437 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Swiss-German classical philologist and ancient historian. Born Liestal (canton of Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland) 19. 12. 1886, died ¶ Frankfurt 23. 7. 1974. Attended Humanistisches Gymnasium in Basel 1905–1907, then studied classical philology at Basel with Friedrich Münzer, and from 1907–1909 in Leipzig. 1910 doctorate Leipzig, with Ulrich Wilcken; 1912 habil. at Freiburg. 1915–1918 prof. of ancient history at Greifswald, 1918/19 at Strasbourg, 1919–1955 at Frankfurt a. M.; 1924/25 rector of Frankfurt Univ.; retired 1955. Work and influence G., whose great-grandfather,…

Smith, Morton

(478 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
American ancient historian and religious scholar. Born Philadelphia 29. 5. 1915, died New York 11. 7. 1991. From 1936, read New Testament studies, Jewish studies and Graeco-Roman religion at Harvard and Jerusalem; 1948 doctorate in Jerusalem; 1957 doctorate in theology at Harvard. 1950–1955 assistant prof. at Brown Univ., Rhode Island, 1956/57 at Drew Univ., New York; 1957–1985 prof. at Columbia Univ., New York. Work and influence After training as a scholar of religion, S. worked in four fields: ancient Israel, the New Testament, ancient Judaism and ancient m…

Kahrstedt, Ulrich

(442 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born Neisse (Silesia) 27. 4. 1888, died Göttingen 27. 1. 1962. 1906 studied Roman law at Edinburgh, then 1906/07 classics at Berlin, 1907 at Strasbourg, ¶ from 1907/08 in Berlin. As well as ancient history, thorough studies of the ancient Near Eastern languages. 1910 doctorate at Berlin with Eduard Meyer; 1912 habil. at Münster with Otto Seeck. After deputizing at Marburg 1913/14, career interrupted by war and full-time work for the German National People’s Party (DNVP). 1921–1952 (with temporary s…

Wieacker, Franz

(483 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German jurist and legal historian. Born Stargard (Pomerania, now Poland) 5. 8. 1908, died Göttingen 17. 2. 1994. Studied law 1926 in Tübingen, 1927 in Munich, 1928 in Göttingen; 1929 Referendarexamen in Celle; 1930 doctorate in Freiburg with Fritz Pringsheim; 1933 habil. there. After teaching and locum posts 1939 prof. ord. in Leipzig. After interruption by war, from 1948 prof. of Roman law, civil law and the history of modern civil law at Freiburg; 1953–1973 prof. at Göttingen. Work and influence Influenced by his Freiburg teacher Pringsheim, W.’s theses [1]; [2] are still …

Curtius, Ernst

(704 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German archaeological, classical philologist and ancient historian. Born Lübeck 2. 9. 1814, died Berlin 11. 7. 1896. 1833 studies at Bonn with Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker and Christian August Brandis, 1834 at Göttingen with Karl Otfried Müller, 1835 in Berlin with August Boeckh; 1841 doctorate with Moritz Hermann Meier in Halle; 1843 habil. in Berlin. 1844 prof. ext. in Berlin and tutor to the future Emperor Friedrich III; 1855–1867 prof. of classical philology at Göttingen; 1868 prof. of archaeology at Berlin and curator of the Altes Museum, also of the Antiquarium from 1872; 1881/8…

Kornemann, Ernst

(475 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born Rosenthal (Kassel) 11. 10. 1868, died Munich 4. 12. 1946. After Humanistisches Gymnasium, 1887/88 studied history, classical philology and geography at Giessen, then 1889 in Berlin with Theodor Mommsen, ¶ Otto Hirschfeld, Hermann Diels and Johannes Vahlen; 1891 doctorate with Hirschfeld; then schoolteacher at Giessen. 1898 habil. at Giessen. 1902–1918 prof. at Tübingen (from 1907 prof. ord. ). 1918–1936 prof. of ancient history at Breslau. 1926/27 rector of the univ. there. Spent his retirement at Munich 1936–1946. Work and influence K.’s scholarl…

Bleicken, Jochen

(438 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born 3. 9. 1926 in Westerland (Sylt), died 24. 2. 2005 in Hamburg. Studied history and classical philology at Kiel and Frankfurt/Main; 1954 doctorate with Alfred Heuss in Kiel; 1961 habil. in Göttingen. prof. 1962 at Hamburg, 1967 at Frankfurt/Main, 1977 at Göttingen. 1991 emeritus. Work and influence B. began by studying the Roman Republic in his diss. [1] and the early Principate in his postdoctoral habil. [2]. His study over decades of the development of the Roman state in the Republic [1]; [3]; [4]; [8] and Principa…

Heuss, Alfred

(967 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born Gautzsch (near Leipzig) 27. 6. 1909, died Göttingen 7. 2. 1995. 1928 studied history and classical philology, firstly at Tübingen, then with Helmut Berve at Leipzig, also law from 1931. 1932 doctorate in ancient history; 1936 doctorate in law. 1936 habil. in ancient history at Leipzig. 1937 appointed lecturer. Began teaching at Leipzig 1938; 1938–1941 replacement prof. of ancient history at Königsberg; 1941–1945 prof. ord. at Breslau; 1945/46 replacement prof. at K…

Altheim, Franz

(522 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Klass. Philologe und Althistoriker. Geb. am 6. 10. 1898 in Frankfurt a. M., gest. am 17. 10. 1976 in Münster. 1916 und 1919–1921 Studium der Klass. Phil., Arch. und Indogermanistik in Frankfurt; 1921 Prom., 1928 Habil. ebda. 1935 ao.Prof. in Frankfurt; 1938 ao.Prof., 1942 o.Prof. für Klass. Phil. in Halle a. d. Saale; 1948 Prof. für Alte Gesch. in Halle, 1949–1964 Prof. für Alte Gesch. an der FU Berlin. Mitglied des Georgekreises und 1934–1936 der SA. Werk und Wirkung A. war einer der produktivsten, originellsten, meistgelesenen, aber auch umstrittensten Althistor…

Weber, Wilhelm

(394 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Althistoriker. Geb. am 28. 12. 1882 in Heidelberg, gest. am 21. 11. 1948 in Berlin. Studium der Klass. und Dt. Phil., Gesch., Arch. und Kunstgesch. in Heidelberg; Prom. 1906 bei Alfred von Domaszewski; Habil. 1911 ebda. 1911 Ordinarius für Gesch. an der Reichsuniv. Groningen; Professuren in Frankfurt a. M. 1916, Tübingen 1918 und Halle 1925. Abgelehnte Rufe nach Göttingen 1920 und Bonn 1928. 1932–1945 Ordinarius an der Berliner Univ. Werk und Wirkung W.s wiss. Schwerpunkt war die Geschichte der röm. Kaiserzeit, insbes. die Epoche zwischen Nerva und Commodus …

Wieacker, Franz

(421 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Jurist und Rechtshistoriker. Geb. am 5. 8. 1908 in Stargard (Pommern, h. Polen), gest. am 17. 2. 1994 in Göttingen. Studium der Rechtswiss. 1926 in Tübingen, 1927 in München, 1928 in Göttingen; 1929 Referendarexamen in Celle; 1930 Prom. in Freiburg i.Br. bei Fritz Pringsheim; 1933 Habil. ebda. Nach Lehraufträgen und Vertretung 1939 o.Prof. in Leipzig. Nach kriegsbedingter Unterbrechung ab 1948 Prof. für Röm. Recht, Bürgerliches Recht und Neuere Privatrechtsgesch. in Freiburg; 1953–1973 Professur in Göttingen. Werk und Wirkung Beeinflusst von seinem Freiburger Lehre…

Curtius, Ernst

(647 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Archäologe, Klass. Philologe und Althistoriker. Geb. am 2. 9. 1814 in Lübeck, gest. am 11. 7. 1896 in Berlin. 1833 Studium in Bonn bei Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker und Christian August Brandis, 1834 in Göttingen bei Karl Otfried Müller, 1835 in Berlin bei August Boeckh; 1841 Prom. bei Moritz Hermann Meier in Halle; 1843 Habil. in Berlin. 1844 ao.Prof. in Berlin und Erzieher des späteren Kaisers Friedrich III.; 1855–1867 Prof. der Klass. Philologie in Göttingen; 1868 Prof. der Archäologie in Be…

Kahrstedt, Ulrich

(391 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Althistoriker. Geb. am 27. 4. 1888 in Neiße (Schlesien), gest. am 27. 1. 1962 in Göttingen. 1906 Studium des Röm. Rechts in Edinburgh; 1906/07 der Alt.wiss. in Berlin, 1907 in Straßburg, ab 1907/08 in Berlin; neben Alter Gesch. auch gründliche Studien in den altoriental. Sprachen. 1910 Prom. in Berlin bei Eduard Meyer; 1912 Habil. in Münster bei Otto Seeck. Nach einer Vertretung in Marburg 1913/14, kriegsbedingter Unterbrechung und hauptamtlicher Tätigkeit für die DNVP 1921–1952 (mit vorübergehender Entlassung 1946) Prof. in Göttingen (Nachfolge von Georg Busolt). Werk un…

Bickermann, Elias Joseph

(459 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Russ.-amerikan. Althistoriker. Namensformen: Bikerman in Petersburg und Paris, Bickermann in Berlin, Bickerman in den USA [11. 172]. Geb. am 1. 6. 1897 in Kischinau (h. Moldawien), gest. am 31. 8. 1981 in Jerusalem. 1915 Studium in Petersburg bei Michael Rostovtzeff; ab 1922 in Berlin bei Ulrich Wilcken, 1926 Prom., 1930 Habil. ebda. 1933–1942 in Frankreich; 1942 Emigration nach New York. Fellowship ebda. am Jewish Theological Seminary; 1952–1967 Lehrtätigkeit an der Columbia University. Ab 1967 Research Fellow am Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. Werk und Wirkung B. »…

Bleicken, Jochen

(416 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Dt. Althistoriker. Geb. am 3. 9. 1926 in Westerland (Sylt), gest. am 24. 2. 2005 in Hamburg. Studium der Gesch. und Klass. Phil. in Kiel und Frankfurt/Main; 1954 Prom. bei Alfred Heuß in Kiel; 1961 Habil. in Göttingen. Prof. 1962 in Hamburg, 1967 in Frankfurt/Main, 1977 in Göttingen. 1991 Emeritierung. Werk und Wirkung B.s Ausgangspunkt war in seiner Diss. die röm. Republik [1], in der Habil.-Schrift der frühe Prinzipat [2]. Er untersuchte über Jahrzehnte die Entwicklung der röm. staatlichen Ordnung in der Republik [1]; [3]; [4]; [8] und im Pr…

Smith, Morton

(454 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
Amerikan. Althistoriker und Religionswissenschaftler. Geb. am 29. 5. 1915 in Philadelphia, gest. am 11. 7. 1991 in New York. Ab 1936 Studium des NT, der Judaistik und der griech.-röm. Religion in Harvard und Jerusalem; 1948 Prom. in Jerusalem; 1957 Prom. in Harvard in Theologie. 1950–1955 Assistent-Prof. an der Brown Univ. (Rhode Island), 1956/57 an der Drew Univ. (New York); 1957–1985 Prof. an der Columbia Univ. (New York). Werk und Wirkung Nach religionswiss. Ausbildung arbeitete S. auf vier Feldern: Ant. Israel, NT, ant. Judaismus und ant. Magie. Seine Fors…
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