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Hadrian IV, Pope
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[German Version]

Dec 4, 1154 – Sep 1, 1159 (Nicholas Breakspear; c. 1100, Abbot's Langley or St. Albans, England – Sep 1, 1159, Anagni, Italy) was the only Englishman to become pope. As a young man he moved to France; he became abbot of St. Rufus in Avignon in 1137; in 1149 he became cardinal, and from 1150 to 1153 he was papal legate in Scandinavia. He was elected pope on Dec 4, 1154. Hadrian IV's reign was dominated by struggles with three parties: Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, the commune of Rome led by Arnold of Brescia, and William I of Sicily. In January 1155 he renewed the treaty o…

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Tanner, Norman, “Hadrian IV, Pope”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_09195>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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