Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

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Crosses and Cross Bases
(440 words)

The cross as symbol originated in that on which Christ was crucified (the True Cross). The veneration of the wood of this cross by pilgrims was recorded first by Egeria, c.380 (Itinerarium of Egeria; Itinerarium Egeriae, ch. 37). Jeweled crosses symbolized Christ's victory over death, such as the large-scale golden cross with precious stones erected by Theodosius II at Golgotha in the fifth century, which became a major attraction for pilgrims (Breviarius de Hierosolyma, chs. 1-2). Any cross bearing a representation of the body of Christ is called a crucifix. Some la…

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Anastasia Keshman, “Crosses and Cross Bases”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage. Consulted online on 07 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emp_SIM_00154>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004181298, 20091023

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