Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles

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(2,837 words)

Arms were originally intended for use by and on the person of the mounted knight. The shield, or coat of arms proper, formed the basic element, but in practical usage the painted device on a knight's shield was often reproduced on his surcoat, banner, and the trappings of his warhorse (see plate armour), usually by a combination of dyeing and painting on mostly linen fabrics. Monumental brasses and stone effigies also often represented their subjects in armour with heraldry.

Beyond this direct personal use, arms of individuals or institutions were often displayed as marks …

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Alan V. Murray, “Heraldry”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles, Edited by: Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth, Maria Hayward. Consulted online on 19 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emdt_COM_370>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124356, 20120503

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