Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles

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(613 words)

While a hat was not an essential garment, hats were worn by men of most ranks from the 13th century onward for practical reasons and as an expression of individuality and fashion. Consequently hatters worked to meet demand and to satisfy changing fashions. Made from felt, fur, leather, straw or fabric that was sometimes fulled (see fulling and fulling mills in the British Isles) or waxed for stiffness, by the 14th century hats had replaced the elaborate chaperons that had evolved from the manipulation of simple hoods. Some headgear would show specific use or rank but in peaceful …

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Kirstie Buckland, “Hat”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles, Edited by: Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth, Maria Hayward. Consulted online on 27 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emdt_COM_360>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124356, 20120503

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