Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles

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(593 words)

Felting is an ancient method of textile construction or modification. Felt is formed from (usually) wool fibres or other hair with a surface scale pattern, causing the fibres to be interlocked irreversibly through matting them together with the use of heat, pressure and moisture, either deliberately, or as in the case of some archaeological textiles, through chance circumstances.

Finds of purpose-made felt in the British Isles have been relatively few yet spread across the whole period. An 8th-century site in Cumbria has been suggested as possibly having been used for th…

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Elizabeth Coatsworth, “Felt”, in: Encyclopedia of Medieval Dress and Textiles, Edited by: Gale Owen-Crocker, Elizabeth Coatsworth, Maria Hayward. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-2139_emdt_SIM_000900>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124356, 20120503

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