(9,438 words)

1. Messianic movements in the Medieval period

By the advent of Islam in the early seventh century, the messianic idea was already firmly established as a central tenet of Judaism in its broadest (i.e., pan-sectarian) sense—as famously dogmatized and concisely expressed in Maimonides’s Thirteen Principles (or Fundamentals) (thalātha ʿashrata qāʿida) of faith, the twelfth of which is “Believing and affirming the coming of [the Messiah], and not [thinking] that he is …

Cite this page
Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman and Michael G. Wechsler, “Messianism”, in: Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, Executive Editor Norman A. Stillman. Consulted online on 18 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2010
First print edition: ISBN: 978900417678, 3361

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