Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Segholates: Pre-Modern Hebrew
(1,818 words)

The ‘segholates’ are a class of nouns originally of the shape C 1 VC 2 C 3, e.g., *qaṭl, *qiṭl, and *quṭl, which in Masoretic Hebrew have undergone anaptyxis (epenthesis), usually with the vowel seghol, to resolve the final consonant cluster that arose as a result of the loss of final vowels marking case endings, e.g., nominative *ʾarṣ́́u > *ʾarṣ > אֶרֶץ ʾεrεṣ ‘earth’. The anaptyctic vowel remains unstressed, with the result that stress falls on the penultimate syllable, in contrast to the normal placement of stress on the ultima in other nominal forms; cf. אֶ֫רֶץ ʾέrεṣ ‘earth’ versus דָּבָ֫ר d…

Cite this page
Huehnergard, John, “Segholates: Pre-Modern Hebrew”, in: Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Edited by: Geoffrey Khan. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-4241_ehll_EHLL_COM_00000829>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: 9789004176423

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