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Manichaeanism
(1,239 words)

1. Religious Type and Features

Manichaeanism, named after its founder, the Persian Mani (a.d. 216–76/77), is a Gnostic-type dualistic religion of redemption, though by its origin and in its manifestations it differs in many respects from Syrian and Egyptian Gnosis. It is (1) a religion founded by a historical personage, (2) a universal religion with a world mission, and (3) a book religion with a canon of sacred writings…

Cite this page
Nagel, Peter, “Manichaeanism”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 21 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_M61>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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