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Hasmonaeans
(461 words)

The Hasmonaeans (also sometimes called the Maccabees) were the last Jewish ruling family. Under the Hasmonaeans the Jews in Palestine enjoyed a period of political independence in the second and first centuries b.c. The Hasmonaean name occurs for the first time in Josephus (Asamonaioi), and later it is common in the rabbinic writings (beth/bĕnê ḥašmonai). The derivation is uncertain. Josephus (Ant. 12.265; J.W. 1.36) refers to an ancestor of the same name, but more likely it arises from an association with the place Heshmon (Josh. 15:27) or Hashmonah (Num. 33:29–30).

The fami…

Cite this page
Schaller, Berndt, “Hasmonaeans”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_H30>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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