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1. Alexander the Great (336–323 b.c.) founded this city in 331 b.c. as a port on the west coast of the Nile Delta. Its position guaranteed its importance as a center of trade and commerce. The Ptolemies (323–30 b.c.) moved the site of government from Memphis to Alexandria. The Egyptian queen Cleopatra (51–30 b.c.) received support first from Caesar (100–44 b.c.) and then from Antony (d. 30 b.c.), in what was Alexandria’s most prominent period politically. During the Roman Empire, Alexandria was the seat of a provincial governor. The Islamic Arabs conquered Alexandria in a.d. 642. There…

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Wickert, Ulrich, “Alexandria”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 02 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A166>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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