Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(973 words)

Questioning the truth or existence of something. In the Qurʾān, this is a quality often attributed to those peoples, past and present, who do not believe or trust the messengers (see messenger ) or signs (q.v.) of God (see lie; belief and unbelief; opposition to muḥammad; trust and patience). And, like its first auditors, Islamic tradition (and certainly non-Muslims) has grappled with how to understand — and interpret — the word of God (q.v.).

According to the tradition, Islam began with Muḥammad's uncertainty and panic (fa-akhadhatnī rajfa; al-nashiʾ ʿan al-ruʿb; Suyūṭī, Itqān, i, 93…

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Schub, Michael B., “Uncertainty”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 16 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00436>

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