Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(5,753 words)

A journey to a holy place, and the religious activities associated with it. The words most often translated as pilgrimage, both in the Qurʾān and with regard to Muslim ritual (see ritual and the qurʾān ), are ḥajj and ʿumra. The word ḥajj occurs nine times in five different verses (in q 2:189, three times; in q 2:196, three times; and once each in q 2:197, q 9:3 and q 22:27), ʿumra twice in one verse only ( q 2:196) but there are also a number of related nominal and verbal forms for each. With reference to Muslim practice, ḥajj is sometimes distinguished as the major pilgrimage, ʿumra as the minor, b…

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Hawting, Gerald, “Pilgrimage”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 04 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00327>

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