Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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(747 words)

Exhibiting loyalty to parents (i.e. filial piety) or manifesting devotion to God. The concept of piety in Arabic can be conveyed by the non-qurʾānic terms waraʿ and zuhd, and the qurʾānic words birr, taqwā and iḥsān. (For zuhd as ethics, see Kinberg, Zuhd; see also ethics and the qurʾān . Iḥsān is often used to express filial piety and understood by the commentators as birr; see Rahman, Major themes, 42.) The following focuses on the terms birr and taqwā, which are treated in the Qurʾān as crucial components of true belief (see belief and unbelief ).

Those who practice birr, the abrār, and thos…

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Kinberg, Leah, “Piety”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 26 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQSIM_00326>

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