Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Job [Supplement 2017]
(942 words)

Job (Ayyūb) is one of the prophetic figures preceding Muḥammad, and is common to the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions (see Prophets and prophethood). Job is mentioned in only four pericopes: Q 6:83-7 and 4:163 set him in the company of the prophets, while Q 38:41-2 and Q 21:83-4 allude to his distinctive vocation and charisma.

In Q 6:83-90, together with Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Noah, David, Solomon, Joseph, Moses and Aaron, Zechariah, John (see John the Baptist), Jesus, Elias (see Elijah), Ishmael, Elisha, Jonah, and Lot, he is included among those God has guided, chosen…

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Anthony H. Johns, “Job [Supplement 2017]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 21 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050519>
First published online: 2017

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