Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Air and Wind [Supplement 2017]
(2,616 words)

Air consists of the gases forming the earth’s atmosphere and wind is the various movements within them. Air is mentioned only twice in the Qurʾān, once as jaww and once as hawāʾ. The general word for wind, rīḥ, and its plural, riyāḥ, occur more than thirty times, and are supplemented by a number of terms with significantly fewer attestations denoting specific types of wind.


Of the two attestations of air, only one is litera…

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Anthony H. Johns, “Air and Wind [Supplement 2017]”, in: Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Consulted online on 21 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_050508>
First published online: 2017

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