Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,675 words)

(p.), lit. “a souvenir, a keepsake” and, by extension, in numismatics any special issue of coins struck for a variety of non-currency purposes. In Islamic history the striking of coins was a special responsibility and prerogative of the ruler [see sikka ] together with having his name mentioned in the Friday bidding prayer [see k̲h̲uṭba ].

In general, coinage serves two major purposes. Primarily it is a medium of exchange between a government and its people, i.e. to facilitate taxation payments or to support internal and international commerce. Gover…

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Darley-Doran, R.E., “Yādgār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7937>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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