Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(Sudak in Russian and Ukrainian; Σουγδαία or Σουγδία in Greek, Suroz̲h̲ in old Russian, Soldaia or Soldachia in mediaeval Italian), once a great seaport, now a small town on the coast of the Crimea (Ukraine) almost due north of the Anatolian port of Sinob [see sīnūb ], and some 40 km to the south-west of Theodosia [see kefe ]. In the 12th and 13th centuries, it was the principal port for trade between Russia and the Islamic and Mediterranean worlds, while also attracting a portion of the silk and spice trade from South Asia and the Far East.

The origins of Sug̲h̲dāḳ are less well documented …

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Soucek, S., “Sug̲h̲dāḳ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7134>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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