Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(501 words)

(p.) “province”, “provincial capital”, “[large] town”. The word continues Middle Persian s̲h̲ahrestān , which has the same meanings, though it is certainly possible that it goes back even further to an unattested Old Persian * xšaça-stāna- . In any case, it is derived from s̲h̲ahr [q.v.]—or its ancestor—and -stāna “place” (in compounds); a s̲h̲ahristān is thus literally a “place of kingship”, i.e. the seat of the local representative of royal power (the provincial capital) and then also the region over which that representative exercised his autho…

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Blois, F.C. de, “S̲h̲ahristan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_6775>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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