Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,178 words)

(a.), lit. “theory, philosophical speculation”, probably did not receive until the 9th century A.D. the meaning of research in the sense of scientific investigation as translation of the Greek θεωρία. With Aristotle, e.g. Metaph . 1064 b2 (translated by Eustathius/Uṣtāth at the beginning of the 9th century), and the Greek Prolegomena (Προλεγόμενα τῆς φιλοσοφίας) to the commentaries on Prophyry’s Isagoge , the philosophies were then divided into theoretical ( naẓariyya ) and practical ( ʿamaliyya ); the latter seek to obtain the useful or the good for man, the former p…

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Boer, Tj. de and Daiber, H., “Naẓar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5872>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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