Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(91 words)

(a.), the usual name for the conclusion resulting from the combination of the two premisses ( muḳaddimāt ) in the syllogism ( ḳiyās ). It corresponds to the Stoic ἐπιφορά; this word in the works of Galen known to the Arabs is applied to the various discharges from the body but also means, as with the Stoics, the conclusion. Aristode used the words συμπέρασμα: that which concludes or completes the syllogism.

In place of the usual natīd̲j̲a we also find ridf or radf ( = deduction).

Cite this page
Boer, Tj. de, “Natīd̲j̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5850>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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