Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,633 words)

( Mzāb ), a region of the Algerian Sahara which currently corresponds to the wilāya of Ghardaia (G̲h̲ardāya). It extends over an area of approximately 8,000 km2, between latitudes 32° and 33° 20′ N. and longitudes 0° 4′ and 2° 30′ E. It has the appearance of a vast stony plain, declining in altitude from 700 m. in the west to 300 m. in the east, intersected by deep and tortuous valleys, whence its name of Chebka ( s̲h̲abka = network) of the Mzab. This enormous expanse, travelled by the nomadic tribes of the Chaanba, Mekhadma, Said Otba (S̲h̲ʿāmba, Mk̲h̲ādma. Saʿīd ʿUtba), …

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Rouvillois-Brigol, M. and Mercier, M., “Mzāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5696>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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