Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(815 words)

, the Turkish name of a river called Hebros in classical Greek and Maritsa in Bulgarian. It is the principal river of the south-eastern Balkans and, under the Ottomans, of the eyālet of the Rumeli. Al-Idrīsī ( Opus geographicum, Naples 1977, 796 = 4th section of the 5th climate) mentions it as nahr Mārisū ; on his map of 1154, however, we read nahr Ak̲h̲īlū (K. Miller, Mappae arabicae, Bd. I, pt. 2, Blatt V, Bd. II, 122, 126).

From its source in the north-western spur of the Rhodope mountains south of Sofia, the Merič flows eastwards through Bulgaria, forming a broad valle…

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Soucek, S., “Merič”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5163>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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