Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,619 words)

(a.), place of return, a technical term in religious and philosophical vocabulary.

The verb ʿadā , ʿawdan signifies “to return to a place”. Al-D̲j̲awharī treats it as a synonym of rad̲j̲aʿa . The action of ʿawd is the movement whereby one. returns to the point of departure: rad̲j̲aʿa ʿalā badʾihi , or ilā ḥāfiratihi , either through a continuous progress, in describing a circle for example, or stopping at a certain point and retracing one’s steps (cf. Sībawayh, cited by LA), whence the idea of a return to the origin, to the source. The verb rad̲j̲aʿa is used in many Ḳurʾānic verses to ind…

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Arnaldez, R., “Maʿād”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4712>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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