Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Māʾ al-ʿAynayn al-Ḳalḳamī
(3,682 words)

is the name consistently given in Mauritania and Morocco to the greatest scholar and religious and political leader of the Western Sahara during the latter half of the 19th century. Uncertainty remains as to the significance of his sobriquet Māʾ al-ʿAynayn, “water of both eyes”, but it is not unlike ḳurrat al-ʿayn , “coolness of the eye”. Māʾ al-ʿAynayn was born on the day of the death of his brother, Abu ’l-Fatḥ, and of his paternal grandmother K̲h̲adīd̲j̲a. His father Muḥammad Fāḍil regarded his birth as a blessed consolation at a time of fami…

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Norris, H.T., “Māʾ al-ʿAynayn al-Ḳalḳamī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0594>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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