Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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10. Irrigation in Transoxania.

The rivers of Inner Asia, extending from Ḵh̲wārazm in the west through Transoxania to eastern Turkistān (the later Sinkiang) and northwards to the Semirečye, have all been extensively used for irrigation purposes in the lands along those rivers and in oasis centres, providing a possibility for agriculture in favoured spots which were not too open to attack from the steppe nomads or more northerly forest peoples. Hence, as elsewhere in the Old World, the maintenance of irrigation works, surface canals and kārīz s or subterranean channels (these last t…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Māʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8796>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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