Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Hilāl
(2,768 words)

, eponymous ancestor of the tribe of the Banū Hilāl whom the Arab genealogists trace back to Muḍar according to the following lineage: Muḍar → ʿAylān → Ḳays → K̲h̲aṣafa → ʿ Ikrima → Manṣūr → Hawāzin → Bakr → Muʿāwiya → Ṣaʿṣaʿa →ʿ Amīr → Hilāl. Its three main divisions were the At̲h̲bad̲j̲, the Riyāḥ and the Zug̲h̲ba. This tribe naturally played its part along with the other groups of the ʿĀmīr b. Ṣaʿṣaʿa in the pre-Islamic tribal struggles or Ayyām al-ʿArab [q.v.] and in the affairs connected with the beginning of Islam such as that of Biʾr Maʿūna [q.v.]. It is likely that it did not support I…

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Idris, H.R. and Schleifer, J., “Hilāl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0287>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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