Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(489 words)

etymologically, like farḳ , expresses the general meaning of separation or disjunction (for the various meanings, see LA, xiv, 35-9 for faṣl ; xii, 174-82 for farḳ; Abu ’l-Baḳāʾ, K. al-Kulliyyāt , 275). In logic, faṣl signifies “difference” and especially “specific difference”, the διαφορά of the five predicables of Porphyry (1. γενός, d̲j̲ins , genus; 2. εἶδος, nawʿ , species; 3. διαφορά, faṣl, difference; 4. ἴδιον, k̲h̲āṣṣa , property; 5. συμβεβηκός, ʿaraḍ , accident. The Ik̲h̲wān al-Ṣafāʾ add, in the tenth risāla , s̲h̲ak̲h̲ṣ , person). For the logicians, faṣl has two meanings: t…

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Boer, Tj. de and Anawati, G.C., “Faṣl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 30 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2317>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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