Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(284 words)

(A.), pl. āt̲h̲ār , literally "trace"; as a technical term it denotes: 1) a tradition [see ḥadīt̲h̲ ]; 2) a relic : al-at̲h̲ar al-s̲h̲arīf (pl. al-āt̲h̲ār al-s̲h̲arīfa ), relics of the Prophet, hair, teeth, autographs, utensils al-leged to have belonged to him and especially impressions of his footprints [see ḳadam ]; these objects are preserved in mosques and other public places for the edification of Muslims. Relics are also called, both by Christians and Muslims, d̲h̲ak̲h̲īra ("treasure").


I. Goldziher, Muh. St, ii, 356-68. For a description, with illustrati…

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Goldziher, I. and Boer, Tj. de, “At̲h̲ar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0072>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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