Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(a.). 1. ʿAmal , performance, action, is usually discussed by the speculative theologians and philosophers only in connection with belief [see ʿilm, īmān] or with ʿilm and naẓar . From Hellenistic tradition was known the definition of philosophy as the "knowledge of the nature of things and the doing of good" (cf. Mafātīḥ , ed. van Vloten, 131 f.). Many Muslim thinkers have emphasised the necessity or at least the desirability of this combination (cf. Goldziher, Kitāb Maʿānī al-Nafs , 54*-60*). But it is the intellectualism of the Greek philosophy, in ethics also, that ex…

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Boer, Tj. de, Gardet, L., Berque, J. and Ed., “ʿAmal”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 30 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0050>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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