Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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al-Maʿānī wa ’l-Bayān
(5,552 words)

, two of the three categories into which, since the time of al-Sakkākī (d. 626/1229), the study of rhetoric has often been divided.

1. In Arabic. The Miftāḥ al-ʿulūm by al-Sakkākī [q.v.], where the two terms appear for the first time, was too confusing in its arrangement, and too obscure and at times self-contradictory to be of practical use to most students of rhetoric. It consisted of a section on grammar, a section on syntax, a section on the ʿilm al-maʿānī and the ʿilm al-bayān , and two supplements to its maʿānī section, one on demonstration ( istidlāl ), and one on the definition of t…

Cite this page
Bonebakker, S.A. and Reinert, B., “al-Maʿānī wa ’l-Bayān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 07 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0595>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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