Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,338 words)

, intellect or intelligence, the Arabic equivalent to Greek νοῦς.

(1) In neoplatonic speculation, which in many respects resembles the late Greek doctrine of the Logos and also in many respects corresponds to the Logos christology, ʿaḳl is the first, sometimes the second, entity which emanates from the divinity as the first cause, or proceeds from it by means of intellectual creation, nafs and ṭabīʿa etc. coming after ʿaḳl in succession. As first created entity the ʿaḳl is also called "the representative" or "the messenger" of God in this world. The neoplatonic idea of ʿaḳl as first crea…

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Boer, Tj. de and Rahman, F., “ʿAḳl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0038>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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