Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(2,349 words)

, the Jews. The message which Muḥammad as an “admonisher” brought to his people was believed by him to come from the same source of revelation as the Tora and the Gospel. If the “Arabic version” of the new scriptures was only a confirmation of what preceding “scriptures” taught, the new Prophet was referred for instruction to the Jews and Christians. The idea of the “day of judgment” which continually recurs in the early Meccan period, makes him speak of the 19 guardians of hell in order to conv…

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Speyer, Heinrich, “Yāhūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 15 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5995>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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