Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(3,401 words)

, the lute, is the most important musical instrument of Islāmic peoples from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf [cf. also ṭunbūr, ḳītāra, ḳīt̲h̲āra].

Arabic authors do not discriminate between the barbaṭ and the ʿūd, but there seems to have been a fundamental distinction between them. The barbaṭ had its sound-chest and neck constructed in one graduated piece, whereas in the ʿūd proper the sound-chest and neck were separate. Al-Masʿūdī says (Murūd̲j̲, viii. 88) that the lute was “invented” by Lamak (Lamech of Genesis, iv.), but elsewhere (viii. 99) he tells us that it was general…

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Farmer, H. G., “ʿŪd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 18 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5870>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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