Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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ʿŪd
(3,401 words)

, the lute, is the most important musical instrument of Islāmic peoples from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf [cf. also ṭunbūr, ḳītāra, ḳīt̲h̲āra].

Arabic authors do not discriminate between the barbaṭ and the ʿūd, but there seems to have been a fundamental distinction between them. The barbaṭ had its sound-chest and neck constructed in one graduated piece, whereas in the ʿūd proper the sound-chest and neck were separate. Al-Masʿūdī says (Murūd̲j̲, viii. 88) that the lute was “invented” by Lamak (Lamech of Genesis, iv.), but elsewhere (viii. 99) he tells us that it was general…

Cite this page
Farmer, H. G., “ʿŪd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 24 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5870>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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