Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(2,246 words)

, the generic name for any instrument of the drum family. Islāmic tradition attributes its “invention” to Tūbal b. Lamak (Masʿūdī, ed. Paris, viii. 88—89), whilst another piece of gossip says that Ismāʿīl, the founder of the mustaʿriba [q. v.], was the first to sound it (Ewliyā Čelebi, Travels, I/ii. 239). The word may be equated with the Assyrian ṭabbalu and perhaps the Egyptian tabn. According to al-Faiyūmī (1333—1334), the term ṭabl was applied to a drum with a single membrane (d̲j̲ild) as well as to that with two membranes. This, however, does not include the duff or tambourine [q. v.]…

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Farmer, H. G., “Ṭabl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 19 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_5853>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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