Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(165 words)

(a.), the name of the third and fourth months of the Muslim calendar. The name is an Aramaic loanword and in the Syriac translation of the Bible corresponds to the Hebrew malḳōs̲h̲ (late rain). This and the fact that the two months following Rabīʿ II are called Ḏj̲umādā (month of frost) suggested.to Wellhausen that these four months originally fell in winter and that the old Arab year began with the winter half-year [see al-muḥarram]. Rabīʿ means originally the season in which, as a result of the rains, the earth is covered with green; this later led to the name Rabī…

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Plessner, M., “Rabīʿ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3643>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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