Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(237 words)

, a Turkish coin, originally a silver piece of 4 aḳčes, first issued early in the xviith century; it soon replaced the aḳče as the monetary unit. The weight, originally 16 grains (1.10 grammes), sank to one quarter of this weight by the beginning of the xixth century and the silver content also depreciated considerably. The multiples of the silver pāra were 5 (bes̲h̲lik) pāras; 10 (onlik); 15 (onbes̲h̲lik); 20 (yigirmiparalik); 30 (zolota) and 40 g̲h̲urūs̲h̲ or piastre. Higher denominations: 60 (altmis̲h̲lik); 80 (ikilik) and 100 (yüzlik) pāras were occasionally issued.

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Allan, J., “Pāra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 30 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3599>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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