Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(1,628 words)

(Jav.), panghulu (Sund.), pangòlò (Madur.), literally “headman, director” used in the east Indian Archipelago as the name for secular and religious chief administrators, in the islands of Java and Madura the name of a mosque official, namely the chief in his area. The official representatives of religion are organised there on the same scheme as the native administrative officials. Alongside of the regent, the highest administrative official, is the pangulu of the regency, alongside of the head of the district is the pangulu of the district, called the pangulu naib or briefly naib, an…

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Kern, R. A., “Pangulu”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 21 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3597>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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