Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(102 words)

(pe); bā’-i fārsī or bāʾ-i ʿad̲j̲amī: the bāʾ with three points subscript, invented for Persian as supplement to the soft Arabic bāʾ and to represent the hard labial. It is sometimes interchangeable with bāʾ (e. g. asp and asb, dabīr and dapīr) and, more frequently, with fāʾ (e. g. sapīd and safīd, Pārs and Fārs). The regular use of the letter in manuscripts is comparatively modern, but it is found in good ones of the viith—xiiith century while at the same time it is often omitted in manuscripts of much later date (G. I. Ph., 1/iv., p. 74).

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Levy, R., “Pāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_3586>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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