Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Riḍā
(714 words)

, ninth imam of the Twelver S̲h̲īʿa, was born in Ramaḍān 195 (June 811) in Medīna. As, according to Abu ’l-Farad̲j̲ al-Iṣfahānī, Maḳātil al-Ṭālibīyīn (Teheran 1307), p. 195, 18, he was of negroid appearance, it may be true that his mother, a slavewoman, variously called Sabīka, Durra and Ḵh̲aizurān, was a Nubian; to give her an honourable pedigree it was added “of the family of Maria the Copt”. When al-Maʾmūn attached ʿAlī al-Riḍā to his court, he married the boy to one of his daughters, Umm al-Faḍl, who was taken to …

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Strothmann, R., “Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Riḍā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 16 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4766>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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