Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(452 words)

(a.), a philosophical term = hayūlā, Gr. ὕλη is, like its correlative ṣūra, Gr. εἶδοΣ, a word of varied significance. In general it means that which can possibly exist (δυνάμει) but which really is not (has no form) but may become something through the adoption of opposed determinatives (forms). As the realisation of the possible is conceived as advancing by stages, a lower stage of form may again be conceived as material for a higher form of development. The question is further complicated even in Aristotl…

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de Boer, Tj., “Mādda”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_4402>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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