Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(275 words)

(a.), castle, fortress, citadel (from the Arabic ḥaṣara, “to compress, to surround in order to capture”; ḥāṣara “to enclose, to besiege”).

Anadolu Ḥiṣār is the name of the fortress, now in ruins, built by the Ottoman Sulṭān Bāyazīd I Yildirim on the Bosphorus between Ḳandīl-lī and Gök-Ṣū (“the sweet waters of Asia”) to facilitate the siege of Constantinople; in conjunction with Rumili-Ḥiṣār, which Muḥammad II Fātiḥ built in 1452 opposite it, it completely commanded the passage and the latter actually earned its name Bog̲h̲āz-Kasan (throat-cutter), [see bog̲h̲āz, i. p. 737b].

Ḥiṣār is…

Cite this page
Huart, Cl., “Ḥiṣār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 11 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2822>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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