Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Hid̲j̲ra
(160 words)

, the name of a village (indeed of several) in South Arabia which is exclusively inhabited by Sāda or As̲h̲rāf (“lords”, “notables”, descendants of the Prophet) and is considered sacrosanct. These villages (e. g. Ḥaifa in Arḥab [cf. ḥās̲h̲id and bakīl] may not be overrun in war. The members of the Hid̲j̲ra, who are chiefly judges (ḳuḍāt) and jurists (fuḳahāʾ) receive from the tribe to which they belong a certificate of their membership of the Hid̲j̲ra and enjoy great esteem, which surpasses that of a s̲h̲aik̲h̲. Individual members are. also found scatte…

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Schleifer, J., “Hid̲j̲ra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 06 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2798>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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