Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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Ḥanīfa
(898 words)

b. Lud̲j̲aim, an important branch of the great North Arabian tribe of Bakr b. Wāʾil [q. v.], consanguineous to the ʿId̲j̲l. During the Ḏj̲āhilīya they were in part heathen, in part Christian. The pagans honoured an idol īn the form of a cake of butter and honey, which they used themselves to consume in time of famine.

They led a settled life in Yamāma, where they built the fortified town of Ḥad̲j̲r, which later became the capital. The Wādi ’l-ʿIrḍ and among others the following places belonged to them: al-ʿAwḳa (inhabited by the clan ʿAdī), Fais̲h̲ān …

Cite this page
Schleifer, J., “Ḥanīfa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 28 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_2691>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936



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