Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(241 words)

(a. and p. from the Indian Behen). According to Abū Ḥanīfa and Dioscorides the Bān tree is, like the Oriental tamarisk, tall and slender, with soft wood and supple green branches. Ancient writers tell us that the tree was principally to be found in Arabia Felix; at the present day it is identified with the Moringa aptera (Sickenberger), indigenous from Upper Egypt to India, the seeds of which yield the finest of all vegetable oils; it was highly prized even in antiquity and was well known to the Romans as glans unguentaria and to the Greeks as βάλανοΣ μυρεψική (Dioscorides). The brigh…

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Hell, J., “Bān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1301>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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