Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

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(206 words)

(also Baiṭar, Biaṭr from the Greek ĩππίατροΣ), smith, veterinary surgeon. Although the nomad Arabs were fairly advanced in veterinary science from their own experience and practice as herdsmen and cattle breeders, foreign wandering veterinary surgeons, who as the etymology of the name shows came to them from the Byzantine Empire and from Syria, enjoyed a special reputation. Like the wandering winemerchants these surgeons set up their booths at the great fairs of ʿUkāẓ, Ḏh̲u ’l-Mad̲j̲āz etc. and ex…

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Hell, J., “Baiṭār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 25 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-871X_ei1_SIM_1220>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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